Content provided as an educational volunteer effort of the American Passenger Rail Heritage Foundation (APRHF), a 501(c)(3) non-profit organization.
Please help support the preservation and promotion of passenger rail heritage. Join the APRHF today! Website hosting made possible by our sponsors.

HOME APRHF TRAINWEB.COM .NET .ORG .US FORUM FACEBOOK NEWS RAILCAMS TRAVEL RAILFAN MODEL JOBS PARTY
TrainWeb Reports & Web Sites: Featured Today Past Highlights Previously Featured Slideshows The Big Stories Directory
The Mesquite Belt Railroad Town:
Granger, Texas


Amtrak southbound #21 at speed passing the Blacklands CO-OP Gin; formerly Granger Grain, April 9th, 2005.
       Photo by Mike G. Ellis, Mesquite Belt Public Relations Department


Granger  is on State Highway 95 twelve miles north of Taylor in northeastern Williamson County.   It originated in 1882 when the Houston and San Antonio branches of the Missouri, Kansas and Texas Railroad intersected at the site.

The log Grange hall, lodge, and store were moved to the intersection from nearby Macedonia.   The new community, first named Pollack, was later named for the Grange association or for John R. Granger, a Civil War veteran.

Because Granger was in the middle of the fertile blackland area, the railroad network made it an important cotton marketing and shipping point.   The town's first newspaper, the Granger Banner, appeared sometime before November 1887.   A post office was established in April 1884, and banks, churches, and schools were immediately begun.

The Georgetown and Granger Railroad Company chartered a link line on December 13, 1890, and constructed more than fifteen miles of track between the two towns in 1892 and 1893.   In 1890 Granger had three churches, a college, a hotel, and five gins.   The town was incorporated in 1891.   By 1900 the population had risen to 841, and it doubled in the next ten years.   By 1910 a combined cotton compress and cottonseed oil mill, an electric light plant, an ice factory, and a waterworks were all built.   The Granger gin was among the largest of its day in the United States.   Mark Jones opened the town's first bank in 1894.   In 1912 Granger became the only town in Texas with a population of less than 5,000 that had paved streets.   The Storrs Opera House, built by A. W. Storrs in 1905, hosted traveling shows and even featured the Chicago Opera Company.

Czechs were attracted to the cheap, fertile land, and by the early twentieth century Czech culture, both Catholic and Protestant, had become strong and influential in the community.   A Czech Protestant church was first organized in Granger in 1880.   A Brethren congregation, the most important Czech Protestant church in Texas, was established in 1892.   In 1903 a convention of Brethren congregations in Texas was held in Granger and successfully unified all the congregations into the Evangelical Unity of Bohemian and Moravian Brethren.   A Brethren teacher-training summer school, called Hus Memorial School, was established in Granger in 1914.   It was later moved to Temple.   The Granger National Bank, opened in 1937, advertised in Czech newspapers as "your Czech bank." Našinec, a Czech-language Catholic weekly newspaper for Texas, began in 1914 and was still being published in 1989.

The Granger population peaked in the mid-1920s at over 2,000 and subsequently declined during the general exodus from rural communities to cities.   In 1938 the first corn carnival south of the Mason-Dixon Line attracted 20,000 attendants to Granger.   In 1981 Granger Lake, formed by a dam the San Gabriel River, was opened to the public.   The population of Granger in 2000 it was 1,299.


Information from The Handbook of Texas Online; a joint project of The General Libraries at the University of Texas at Austin and the Texas State Historical Association. www.tsha.utexas.edu/handbook/online

Map of Granger, with GRR railroad spur to Georgetown.

Map courtesy of Mapquest



Return to the Home Page
History of the towns on the Mesquite Belt
Click below for pages in the directory of TrainWeb sites:
0-9 A B C D E
F G H I J K
L M N O P Q
R S T U V W
X Y Z
CLICK HERE FOR THE FULL CATEGORY DIRECTORY

Visit our Rail Magazine promotion trading partners:      (Click here to add your print rail magazine.)


ad pos61 ad pos63
ad pos62 ad pos64

TrainWeb Reports & Web Sites: Featured Today Past Highlights Previously Featured Slideshows The Big Stories Directory
HOME APRHF TRAINWEB.COM .NET .ORG .US FORUM FACEBOOK NEWS RAILCAMS TRAVEL RAILFAN MODEL JOBS PARTY

Newsletter | About Us | Contact Us | Advertise With Us | Silver Rails Country for Train Enthusiasts

shopify site analytics
View TrainWeb.US Stats  | Page updated:12/22/2018  | Version 2018l22b  | Links  | ©2015-2019 NordiLusta, LLC